1) the pastoral society of the past is utopian to me because of its simplicity and deep connection to nature. i see early agricultural societies the same way i view childhood in terms of utopian-ism. these ancient times were somewhat like the childhood of humanity and modern society, where social life and our duties as humans were simpler because humanity was less advanced. the most important responsibilities of pastoral life were to keep you and your family or group alive through maintaining your sources of food and your shelters, and to reproduce to continue your society. i find the pastoral society utopian also because of its closer connection to nature, pastoral actions like farming, hunting or domesticating animals, and building and crafting by hand are without a doubt more involved with nature than later times in human history as technology evolved. today our post industrial societies are so complex and massive, many people desire to return to these simpler lifestyles.
2) i prefer fantasy to science fiction. ive become more interested in stories that carry the utopian impulse of the past, rather than those that speculate what the future might hold. i like how fantasy is based more off of times in the past and for the common romantic good vs evil themes.