1 I feel that literature and books will always have a place in the present and in the future. One reason being that books as a medium are only limited by the imagination of the author and the reader, while mediums such as television are more limited by money, technology and also the imagination of the director. Literature has much more freedom as a medium to tell its story and it also tells different stories to different people. Most pieces of literature have many ways to be interpreted and the way I read and interpret a novel could be different then the way you interpret it. With mediums like movies or television you are shown the vision and the view of the director and there is usually less room for interpretation or visualizing a story in a different way. I still enjoy reading and I prefer to read a physical book that I can hold and clearly see where I am in a story over something like eBooks.
2 I think 2312 does a good job representing struggles of gaining freedom, both as an individual and as a collective. The struggle for individual freedom and identity is represented in the character Swan, as she makes many modifications to her body and her artwork is very unique and expressive. Swan’s need to be unique and be different leads her to making rash decisions like ingesting the alien culture or having bird DNA in her brain. In a way this also shows individual freedom in that she has the possibility to make those decisions for herself and all her actions are an effort to better understand herself. There are also many examples of the collective trying to gain freedom. One would be on Earth with trying to gain freedom from corporations but there is also the search for freedom by overcoming the environment. The Terminator on mercury which takes a planet that would be completely inhabitable by normal means and turns into a planet in which thousands can live by using technology and overcoming the environment. This is something that historically has been an issue for mankind, where the environment is something that we need to work with/overcome and mercury and the other planets showcase this struggle well. Earth in the novel also shows how we can lose to the environment and in turn how we can better our relationship with it by the projects that Wahram and Swan did. I feel that Robinson succeeded very well in imagining ways to narrate the past and the future. He makes a very believable world that one day could be the direction that we are headed if we do not take care of our Earth. I also feel that how rooted in science and how detailed he describes the technology in the book, such as how to create a terrarium in an asteroid, makes the story plausible and further builds upon the world he has created.
3 I think the book ends with a conventional marriage to maybe root the story to Earth and the traditions of Earth. Both Swan and Wahram may be spacers but they’re still humans with roots tied to Earth, and this is also shown with the recital of lines from Emily Dickinson, a 19th century poet, during the ceremony. Ending the novel with the wedding concludes the story in an optimistic and cheerful way which helps the reader feel satisfied and content with this being the end of the story.